dinsdag 11 november 2014

RECEITA PERFEITA PARA PORTUGAL ENTRAR NOS RECORD'S DU GUINESS BOOK OU MESMO DO GUINESS FACEBOOK......A RECEITA É PERFEITA E SÓ PRECISA DE ÁGUA É AQUECÊ-LA ACIMA DOS 20º C NUM CARRO DE BOMBEIROS BASTA PÔ-LO AO SOL E NEM USAR O DEPÓSITO NOS INCÊNDIOS DO VERÃO ....DEPOIS BASTA REGAR A ALTA PRESSÃO O PESSOAL NUMA FESTA DO INCONTINENTE OU NUMA PRAXE UNIVERSITÁRIA PARA JOVENS COM MAIS DE 30 E O SUSEXO ASSEXUAL DA LEGIO N'ELLA TÁ ASSEGURADO PER SEGURO NO AR INTERIOR QUE POR AZAR ANDAVA A FLUTUAR EM SUAVES AEROSSÓIS NO EXTERIOR MACILENTO DE OUTUBRO..A comprehensive overview on Legionella research, covering all aspects of pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and surveillance of Legionnaires disease. Focuses on the molecular elucidation of bacterial properties that enable Legionella to thrive in the aquatic environment and to infect the human host. Offers a detailed description and analysis of bacterial factors that contribute to environmental fitness and pathogenesis. Presents evidence to implicate various environmental sources of legionellosis. Legionella pneumophila is a ubiquitous intracellular bacterium found and sometimes lost...LIKE MIKAHIL MIRA UND ANDA O GAJO QUINTÉ PERDIA OS TESTES DUS HELENOS E D'OUTROS GREGOSWater is the major natural reservoir for legionellae, and the bacteria are found worldwide in many different natural and artificial aquatic environments, such as cooling towers, water systems in hotels homes, ships and factories, respiratory therapy equipment, fountains misting devices and spa pools. This book provides a comprehensive overview on the sources, ecology and laboratory diagnosis of legionella. Guidance is provided on risk assessment and risk management of susceptible environments. The necessary measures to prevent, or adequately control, the risk from exposure to legionella bacteria are identified for each identified environment. Outbreaks of legionellosis generally cause a high level of morbidity and mortality in the people affected and as such the suspicion of an outbreak warrants immediate action. The policies and practice for outbreak management and the institutional roles and responsibilities of an outbreak control team are reviewed. This book will be useful to all those concerned with legionella OU SEJA HIPOCONDRÍACOS E GAJOS COM MUITO AZAR ...E OCASIONALMENTE GAJAS


DescriptionPathogenicity for humans
Legionellae were first detected in 1976 after a particularly notable outbreak of pneumonia in a hotel
on the occasion of a United States army veterans’ meeting (Fraser et al., 1977). Since that time, it
has been established that these organ-isms are an important cause of pneumonia, both
community-acquired (1–15%) (Lieberman et al., 1996; Butler & Breiman, 1998) and hospitalacquired
(up to 50%) (Butler & Breiman, 1998). To date, disease due to Legionella has been
detected almost exclusively in humans, but some animals (e.g. guinea-pigs, rats, mice, marmosets,
and monkeys) are susceptible to experimental infection. One case of Legionella pneumonia has
also been reported in a calf......
Species of the genus Legionella are Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, aerobic
bacteria. They contain branched-chain fatty acids, have a non-fermentative metabolism, and
require L-cysteine and iron salts for growth. They have been placed in the family Legionellaceae,
which contains the single genus Legionella; there are at least 42 species, which are listed in Table
5 (Drozanski, 1991; Adeleke et al., 1996; Hookey et al., 1996; Fry & Harrison, 1998; Riffard et al.,
1998). The type species is L. pneumophila. Two other genera have been proposed but have not
received general recognition (Garrity, Brown & Vickers, 1980): Fluoribacter for the blue-white
fluorescing species such as L. bozemanii and L. dumoffii, and Tatlockia for the species L.
micdadei. Some species of Legionella can be further differentiated into serotypes, of which there
are at least 15 for L. pneumophila but so far no more than two for any other specieS

Legionella: Molecular Microbiology Legionella pneumophila is a ubiquitous intracellular bacterium found widely in the

 environment and is the cause of sporadic outbursts of opportunistic infection, mainly in immunocompromised individuals, including young children as well as aged persons. 

The host response to this organism is similar to responses to other opportunistic intracellular microbes and features both innate and adoptive immune mechanisms. Innate immunity includes the responses of a variety of host cells and cytokines, including those produced by macrophages stimulated by microbial antigens. Adoptive immunity consists of activated lymphocytes and the cytokines they produce, such as interferon and other cytokines that activate macrophages to restrict the growth and spread of intracellular bacteria. The role of cytokines specifically in resistance and immunity to Legionella is exemplified by studies concerning the nature and mechanism whereby interferon produced by activated T lymphocytes influences macrophages to resist infection by this bacterium, not only by restricting growth but also killing this bacterium. This cytokine is considered to have a key role in activating macrophages in adoptive immunity to Legionella and other intracellular bacteria. In particular, interferon is known to have a crucial role in activating macrophages to resist infection by L. pneumophila. This review also describes newer findings that demonstrate that various cytokines that define Th1 vs Th2 helper cell activity also are important in regulating resistance versus susceptibility to this ubiquitous microorganism.

Legionellosis is a disease of significant medical and public interest.
 Legionella is commonly found in aquatic habitats where its ability to survive and to multiply within different protozoa equips the bacterium to be transmissible and pathogenic to humans. In addition, Legionella has become a favored model system to analyze the mechanisms of bacterial survival, acquisition of nutrients, and intracellular replication. Following the recent publication of the genome sequences of four L. pneumophila strains, it is now feasible to investigate the whole genome in silico, the transcriptome via micro arrays, and the proteome by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Research in the fields of clinical features, diagnosis, treatment, and epidemiology continues to generate new data. The topics covered by this volume range from the history of the identification of Legionella and clinical disease treatment, to the microbe's gene expression and secretion systems, as well as its strategies for intracellular multiplication and nutrient acquisition. The main focus of the book is the current state of many of the most critical features of Legionella. Internationally renowned authors have contributed chapters describing and discussing the latest research findings with an emphasis on molecular aspects. The editors and authors have produced an excellent book that will be an extremely useful reference source. This comprehensive publication is aimed at readers with teaching or research interests in microbiology, genetics, genomics, infectious diseases, or clinical MORONS NUM INSTIPUTO QUALQUER 

donderdag 6 november 2014




  • 1 lb. honeycomb tripe
  • 1 veal knuckle
  • 1½ qts. water
  • 2 tablespoons salt
  • 1 tblsp. red pepper, diced
  • 1 tblsp. green pepper, diced
  • 1 tablespoon powdered thyme
  • 6 peppercorns
  • 4 potatoes, diced
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 3 whole cloves
  • 3 tablespoons chopped parsley
  • 2 stalks celery, diced
  • 2 carrots, diced
  • 2 tomatoes, peeled, cut up
  • 4 onions, thinly sliced
  • 1 piece pimento, cut fine
Wash and scrub tripe thoroughly. Place in large kettle and cover with plenty of cold water. Bring to a boil and simmer until tender. Simmer without boiling, that is the secret of making tripe tender. Drain and dice, ½ inch squares. In the meantime place the veal knuckle in another kettle adding 1½ qts. of water and all ingredients except the potatoes. Simmer at least one hour, put in potatoes and simmer for another hour or until meat falls off the bone. Remove bone and take off all the meat. Cut it into small pieces and together with the tripe put it back into the soup. Bring to a boil and the soup is ready to serve. This soup keeps well and can be reheated.

DUMPLINGS (Spaetzle)

  • 1 cup milk
  • 2 cups flour
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 tsp. salt
Add milk to flour slowly, stirring constantly to keep mixture smooth. Add 1 egg at a time, beating well after each addition. Salt and mix well. When cooking in boiling salted water or meat broth, pour the batter from a shallow bowl, tilting it over the boiling kettle. With a sharp knife slice off pieces of the batter into the boiling liquid. Dip knife in the liquid before each cut to prevent sticking.


  • 4 slices bacon
  • 2 tblsp. onion, minced
  • 1 tblsp. celery, minced
  • 1 tblsp. pepper, minced
  • 2 cups corn
  • 2 potatoes, diced
  • 3 tomatoes, cut-up
  • 2 pints milk
  • salt
  • pepper
Dice the bacon and put into pan to brown, add onion, celery and pepper; fry until bacon is crisp. Add the corn and saute together for 3 minutes. Add the potatoes, tomatoes and seasoning, cover and simmer for 30 minutes. Finally add the milk, heat to the boiling point and serve with a little chopped parsley.


  • 2 eggs
  • ½ tsp. salt
  • sifted flour
Add salt to the eggs and work in enough flour to make a stiff dough. Knead thoroughly, divide into 2 portions and roll each out as thin as possible, on a floured board. Cover with cloth and let stand until partly dry. Roll up the dough and cut into ¼ inch strips. Spread out on paper to dry a little longer.


  • 1 lb. soup beans
  • 1 ham bone
  • ½ cup chopped onion
  • 1 cup diced celery
  • 1 can tomato sauce
  • ½ cup diced potatoes
  • 2 tsp. minced parsley
  • salt and pepper
Soak beans in water overnight. Drain, add fresh water and cook slowly with the ham bone for 2 hours. Put in the onion, celery, potatoes, tomato sauce, parsley and the salt and pepper and simmer until vegetables are soft. Remove the ham bone, trim off any meat, cut it up and add to soup. Many Pennsylvania Dutch cooks cut up hard boiled eggs and add them to the soup.


  • 1 lb. split peas
  • 3 qts. water
  • 1 ham bone
  • salt
  • 2 carrots, sliced
  • 1 stalk celery, chopped
  • 1 large onion, chopped
  • pepper
Wash peas, add cold water, vegetables and ham bone and simmer for three hours or until mixture is thick. Remove ham bone, force peas through coarse sieve and season to taste. Dilute with milk. Serve with toasted croutons.


  • 1 soup bone
  • 2 lbs. stewing beef
  • 2 qts. water
  • 1 cup chopped onion
  • 1 cup chopped celery
  • 1 cup tomatoes
  • 2 tsp. salt
  • black pepper
Into 2 qts. of water put soup bone and beef and boil for 2 hours. For a hearty, substantial soup, cut up the meat in small pieces and return to the broth. Add tomatoes, onions and celery. Also add other available vegetables, such as diced potatoes, carrots, turnip, string beans, corn, peas, cabbage or chopped peppers. Boil until all vegetables are tender.


  • 1 cup ground beef
  • 2 tblsp. fat
  • 1 small onion
  • ½ cup dry bread crumbs
  • 1 cup bread cubes
  • salt and pepper
  • 2 tblsp. butter
Make a recipe of noodle dough (see above). Roll thin, let dry and cut into 3 inch squares. Brown meat in hot fat with the onion and seasoning. Soak bread cubes in water and press dry then add to the meat. Spoon mixture on the center of the noodle squares, fold in half and seal edges, like little pillows. Drop the filled squares into salted boiling water and cook 8 to 10 minutes. Lift carefully with draining spoon to a serving dish and top with the half cup of bread crumbs which have been browned in butter.


Rub the yolks of three or four hard boiled eggs to a smooth paste and salt. To these add two raw ones lightly beaten. Add enough flour to hold the paste together. Make into balls with floured hands and set in cool place until just before your soup comes off. Put the balls carefully into the soup and boil one minute.


  • 2 lbs. raw spinach, chopped
  • 3 tblsp. butter
  • salt and pepper
  • 1½ cups bread crumbs
  • 2 eggs
Make a recipe of noodle dough (see above). Steam and brown the spinach in melted butter. Add the eggs, 1 cup of dry bread crumbs and the seasoning. Mix well, spoon mixture on noodle dough squares and proceed as above.


  • 1½ cups diced salsify
  • 1½ cups water
  • 1 tblsp. vinegar
  • 1 tblsp. butter
  • 1 quart milk
  • salt and pepper
Scrub, scrape and clean salsify. Dice and cook in salted water, with 1 tablespoon of vinegar added, until tender. Drain, add butter and rich milk, salt and pepper. Bring to a boil and serve with crackers.


  • 1 soup bone
  • 2 lbs. stewing beef
  • 2 quarts water
  • salt
  • 1½ cups flour
  • 1 egg
  • ½ cup milk
  • pepper
Cook meat until tender and remove from the broth. Add water until you have 2 quarts of broth. Make dumplings by mixing beaten egg and milk into flour until about the consistency of pancake batter. Drop from teaspoon into the boiling broth to form small dumplings. Cook for 3 or 4 minutes.

POTATO SOUP (Gruumbier Suupe)

  • 4 cups diced potatoes
  • 1 medium onion
  • 3 tblsp. flour
  • 1 tblsp. butter
  • 1 qt. milk
  • 1 egg, beaten
  • salt and pepper
  • parsley
Boil potatoes and onion in small amount of water until soft. Add milk, salt and pepper then reheat. Brown flour in the butter and blend it slowly into the potato mixture. Add a little water to the beaten egg and stir into the soup. Let it cook for a few minutes and serve with a sprinkling of chopped parsley.


  • 1 stewing hen, about 4-lbs.
  • 4 qts. water
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 10 ears corn
  • ½ cup celery, chopped with leaves
  • 2 hard-boiled eggs
  • salt and pepper
  • rivels
Put cut-up chicken and onion into the water and cook slowly until tender, add salt. Remove chicken, cut the meat into small (1-inch) pieces and return to broth, together with corn, which has been cut from the cob, celery and seasoning. Continue to simmer. Make rivels by combining 1 cup flour, a pinch of salt, 1 egg and a little milk. Mix well with fork or fingers to form small crumbs. Drop these into the soup, also the chopped, hard-boiled eggs. Boil for 15 minutes longer.


  • 3 cups fresh or canned corn
  • 2 qts. water
  • 1 cup rich milk
  • 1⅓ cups flour
  • 1 egg
  • 3 tblsp. butter
  • 1½ tsp. salt
  • parsley
Cook corn in water for 10 minutes. Make a batter by mixing egg, flour and milk together. Pour this batter through a colander, letting it drop into the boiling corn. Add butter and salt. Cook slowly in a covered pan for 3 minutes. Garnish with chopped parsley. Soup should be eaten immediately after rivels are cooked.


  • 4 lb. chicken
  • 2½ qts. water
  • 2½ tsp. salt
  • 3 cups cooked noodles
Cut a young stewing chicken into serving pieces, bring to a boil and simmer for 2½ hours, adding water as needed. Skim off the fat and add:
  • 1 tsp. peppercorns
  • 1 small onion, sliced
  • 1 carrot, sliced
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 1 tblsp. parsley, chopped
  • salt and pepper
Bring to boil again and add noodles, preferably home made noodles. Cook for 20 minutes longer

Main Dishes


  • ½ large head cabbage
  • ¼ lb. dried beef
  • 1½ cups white sauce
  • ½ cup buttered crumbs
Chop cabbage coarsely and cook in salted water until tender, then drain. Chop the dried beef and soak in a little warm water for 10 minutes. Grease a casserole and in it place alternate layers of cabbage and dried beef. Pour the white sauce over it and top with buttered bread crumbs. Bake in moderate oven (350-f) 25 minutes.


  • 1 cup egg noodles
  • 3 tblsp. butter
  • 3 tblsp. flour
  • ½ tsp. salt
  • ½ tsp. paprika
  • 1½ cups milk
  • 2 eggs, well beaten
  • Swiss cheese (¼ to ½ lb.)
Boil noodles in salted water until tender. Drain and place in well-greased ring mold. Melt the butter, add flour and blend smooth. Stir in milk and cook, stirring constantly until it thickens. Add seasoning and cheese cut in small pieces. Cook until cheese melts. To ½ of the sauce add the well-beaten eggs and mix well. Pour this over the noodles. Set mold in pan of hot water and bake in moderate (350-f) oven 45 minutes. Unmold on large platter, pour over the remaining hot cheese sauce. Fill center with peas, and carrots or spinach.


  • 2 cups mashed potatoes
  • 1 egg, beaten
  • 1 qt. stale bread, cubed
  • 2 tblsp. butter
  • 1 onion, minced
  • ½ cup celery, diced
  • 1 tblsp. minced parsley
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • pinch of pepper
Put the beaten egg into the mashed potatoes and mix well. Melt the butter in a large skillet and saute the onion and celery. Stir in the bread crumbs to toast for a few minutes, stirring constantly. Add all the other ingredients, combine with the potatoes and mix thoroughly.


  • 1 lb. ground beef
  • ⅓ cup rice, uncooked
  • 1 egg
  • 1 onion, chopped fine
  • 2 tblsp. shortening
  • Juice of 1 lemon
  • 1 can tomato soup
  • ½ cup celery, chopped
  • 1 tsp. sugar
  • 1 tsp. parsley, minced
  • 6 cabbage leaves
  • salt and pepper
Combine meat, salt, pepper, rice and egg, mix well. For the sauce: saute onion in the butter until soft. Add tomato soup and equal amount of water to onion, also celery, parsley, lemon juice, sugar, salt and pepper. Cook for 10 minutes. Wash the cabbage leaves and boil until tender. Put equal amounts of the meat mixture into cabbage leaves, roll tightly and secure with toothpicks. Place rolls in sauce pan, pour sauce over them, cover pan and cook very slowly for 3 hours.


Prepare a young duck for roasting. Place in a roasting pan and add 2 quarts of sauerkraut, 1 cup of water and 3 tablespoons granulated sugar. Cover and bake until duck is tender and golden brown. Serve with creamy mashed potatoes.


  • 8 loin pork chops
  • 2 qts. water
  • 1 dumpling recipe
  • 4 medium potatoes
  • 1 lb. sausage in casing
Boil the pork chops in water for ½ hour. Then add the potatoes cut in half and the sausage cut in 1 inch pieces. Cook until potatoes are almost done. Drop well-beaten dumpling dough into the boiling meat mixture, cover and cook 10 minutes.


2 inch thick piece of chuck, pot roast or tender boiling beef. Place in dish or bowl and cover with solution of half vinegar and half water, put in two large onions sliced. Do this two or three days before the meat is wanted. On the day before it is to be cooked cut 3 or 4 slices of bacon into 1" pieces and chop fine 1 tablespoon of the onion which has been soaking in the vinegar. Cut holes in the meat 1 or 2 inches apart and stuff bits of the bacon and chopped onion into the holes. Put the meat back into the solution, add 1 tablespoon whole cloves and 1 teaspoon whole allspice. Bake the meat as a pot roast in part of the solution, until tender. Use more of the solution, adding sugar to taste, in making the gravy which will be almost black.

For Boiled beef or Corned beef

  • 2 tblsp. butter
  • 2 tblsp. flour
  • 1 cup milk
  • ¼ cup grated horseradish
  • ¼ tsp. dry mustard
  • salt and pepper
Melt butter, remove from heat and stir in flour. Add the milk gradually, stirring constantly, until mixture boils and thickens. Add salt and pepper and cook for 3 minutes more. Add the grated horseradish and dry mustard and blend well. Keep hot in double boiler. Serve on slices of boiled beef or corned beef.


  • 1½ lbs. veal steak cut in cubes
  • 2 tblsp. shortening
  • 2 tblsp. flour
  • 1 cup tomato juice
  • 2 carrots, diced
  • 1 small onion, chopped fine.
  • Salt and pepper
  • Flour
Dredge meat with flour and season. Melt shortening (preferably bacon fat) and brown the meat in it. Remove meat from the pan, stir in the flour and blend. Add the tomato juice and stir well until mixture thickens. Add meat, carrots and onion. Cover closely and simmer for 45 minutes.


  • 1 cup flour
  • 1 egg
  • 2 tsp. baking powder
  • ½ egg shell of water
  • small teaspoon salt
Mix the above ingredients, roll out and cut in two inch squares. Flour chicken and fry in butter. Put layers of chicken, potato slices, sliced onion and squares of pot-pie dough. Barely cover with boiling water and cook for two hours.


  • ½ lb. noodles
  • 1½ cups cooked ham, diced
  • 2 eggs, beaten
  • 1½ cups milk
Cook noodles in salted boiling water until soft. Pour into colander, drain and wash. Into a well greased casserole put alternate layers of noodles and ham. Beat eggs with the milk and pour over noodles and ham. Set casserole in pan of hot water and bake in moderate oven (350-f) for 30 minutes.


  • chicken cut up
  • butter for frying
  • 2 tablespoons flour
  • 2 tablespoons butter
  • boiled rice
  • 2 cups water
  • 12 small white onions
  • small pinch each of thyme,
  • celery salt and sage
Roll chicken pieces in flour and brown in butter. Add remaining ingredients and cook until tender, adding water so that there are 2 cups at end of cooking. Make gravy by adding 3 tablespoons of hot liquid to yolk of an egg. Stir thoroughly, then return to rest of liquid and cook five minutes. Pour over steamed rice.


  • 2 lbs. stewing beef
  • 6 medium potatoes
  • pot pie dough
  • 2 onions
  • chopped parsley
  • salt and pepper
Cut the beef into 1" cubes cover with water, season and boil until tender. Peel potatoes, cut in ¼" slices and slice the onion. Into the hot broth drop layers of potatoes, onions, a sprinkling of parsley and dough squares alternately, ending with dough on top. Cover and boil for 20 minutes. Stir meat thru pot pie.
For the pot pie dough:
To 2 cups of flour add a little salt, 1 egg, beaten and enough milk to make a stiff dough. Roll out thin (⅛") on floured board and cut into 2" squares. Equally good with veal or pork.


  • 1½ lbs. boiled beef
  • 2 tablespoons butter
  • 1 tablespoon vinegar
  • 1 onion
  • 2 tablespoons flour
  • 1 pinch of pepper
  • ½ cup meat stock
  • salt
Mince the onion. Simmer in butter until soft. Add flour and simmer until brown. To this add vinegar, salt, pepper and meat stock and let come to a boil. Cut the meat in slices and serve hot, with the onion sauce.


  • 2 lbs. veal steak
  • 1 egg, beaten
  • salt
  • bread crumbs
  • lemon juice
  • pepper
Veal should be about ½ inch thick and cut into serving portions. Season with salt and pepper. Dip pieces in bread crumbs, then into the beaten egg and again in the crumbs. Let stand in the refrigerator a while before cooking. Brown in hot fat on both sides, cover and simmer for 30 minutes. Sprinkle with lemon juice.


  • 1 lb. hamburger
  • 3 cups potatoes, sliced
  • salt
  • 1 small head cabbage
  • 1 cup milk
  • pepper
Shred cabbage and put ½ of it in a greased casserole. Add ½ of the sliced potatoes and half of the hamburger a sprinkle of salt and pepper. Add remaining half in the same manner. Pour on the milk and bake in a moderate oven (350-f) for 2 hours.


  • 1 young chicken, cut up
  • ½ cup flour
  • 1½ tsp. salt
  • ⅛ tsp. pepper
  • 3 tblsp. butter
  • 1½ cups cream, sweet or sour
Sprinkle the pieces of chicken with salt and pepper and dredge in flour. Melt butter and fry chicken until a golden brown on all sides. Place the chicken in a casserole, pour the cream over it. Cover and bake in a moderate oven (350-f) for 2 hours. Serve with gravy made from the pan fryings left after frying the chicken.


  • 2½ lbs. hamburg
  • 2½ cups bread crumbs
  • 1 cup cheese (cubed small)
  • salt and pepper
  • ½ green pepper, chopped
  • 1 small onion, chopped
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 cup catsup
Mix all ingredients, form into two loaves. Pour some catsup over top of loaves. Bake at 350 until done.

LIVER NOODLES (Leberknoedel)

  • 1 lb. calf’s liver
  • 1 onion
  • 1 tablespoon butter
  • salt and pepper
  • 2 eggs
  • ½ cup flour
  • ¼ teaspoon cloves
  • ¼ teaspoon marjoram
Simmer the liver in boiling water for 30 minutes. Then trim off any skin or ligaments and grind the liver fine. Season. Mince the onion, add the butter, beat the eggs and add them. Work into this paste the flour, using enough to make the paste quite stiff. Form into small balls and poach them in any meat soup for 15 minutes. Serve them swimming in the soup.


  • 1½ lbs. ground beef and pork
  • 6 green peppers
  • 1 can tomato soup
  • 3 tblsp. rice, uncooked
  • 2 eggs, beaten
  • ½ tsp. salt
Mix the meat, rice, eggs and seasoning together. Cut tops off the peppers and soak in hot water for a couple of minutes. Scoop out seeds and fill with the meat mixture. Stand them in baking pan, pour the tomato soup over them and bake in slow oven (300-f) for 1 hour.


  • 1½ cups leftover meat
  • 3 tblsp. flour
  • ¼ cup drippings
  • 1 cup milk
  • 1 tblsp. grated onion
  • ⅓ cup chopped pepper
  • salt
  • pepper
Add flour to drippings and blend, add milk gradually and cook, stirring constantly until it thickens. Stir in the salt, onion and green pepper. Mix cut-up meat into the gravy and pour it into pastry lined baking dish. Top with crust and bake in hot oven (425-f) for 25 minutes.


  • 3 acorn squash
  • ⅓ cup molasses
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • 1 lb. pork sausage
  • 1 tsp. sage
  • bread crumbs
Wash squash and cut in halves, remove seeds. Put a tablespoon of molasses in each half, sprinkle with salt and a pinch of powdered sage (if the sausage does not contain sage). Fill the cavity with sausage and top with bread crumbs. Place the squash halves in a baking pan, add about an inch of water to the pan. Cover and bake in hot oven (400-f) for 40 minutes. Remove cover and brown.

with Dumplings

  • Spareribs
  • sauerkraut
  • 2 cups flour
  • 1 egg, beaten
  • 1 tsp. baking powder
  • 1 cup milk
Cut spareribs into serving portions and place in the bottom of roasting pan. Add the sauerkraut and a little liquid. Cover and bake in moderate oven (350-f) 1½ hours. Make dumplings by combining flour, baking powder, milk and egg. Drop by spoonfuls on sauerkraut, cover tightly and bake for 20 minutes.


Use 3 pigs feet or about 2 lbs. Scrape, wash and clean thoroughly. Place in stew pan with 1 chopped onion, ½ cup chopped celery and cover with cold water. Let it come to a boil, then reduce heat and simmer until meat is tender and comes easily from the bone. Pick meat from the bones, strain liquid, which should measure a scant 3 cups. (If less add water). Put meat and liquid into a bowl. Add 3 tblsp. strong cider vinegar, ¾ tsp. salt, black pepper and several thin slices of lemon. Chill overnight, remove surplus fat from the top. Turn out on a platter and serve with lemon slices and parsley.

PORK AND KRAUT (Speck Un Kraut)

  • 2 or 3 lbs. fresh pork
  • 1 qt. sauerkraut
  • water
  • salt and pepper
Put pork in large stew pan and cover with cold water, cook slowly for 1 hour. Add the sauerkraut making sure there is enough liquid in the pan to cover. Cook slowly for another hour. Season to taste. Serve with mashed or boiled potatoes.


  • 1 thick round steak
  • 2 cups bread crumbs
  • 1 tblsp. onion minced
  • 2 eggs
  • ½ cup milk
  • 1 tblsp. butter
  • 1 tsp. salt
  • poultry seasoning
To make dressing beat eggs, add milk and pour over bread crumbs. Add the onion, seasoning and work in the butter mixing thoroughly. Spread the dressing over the meat and roll up carefully. Fasten with skewers or tie with string. Place in a greased pan and bake in medium hot oven (375-f) for 1½ hours. Slice to serve.


  • 1 pig’s stomach
  • 2 lbs. smoked sausage meat, diced.
  • 3 cups boiled potatoes, diced
  • 3 cups sliced apples
  • 2½ cups bread crumbs
  • 1 medium onion, chopped
  • 2 cups chopped celery
  • chopped parsley
  • salt and pepper
Clean stomach well and soak in salt water. Combine all ingredients and mix well. Stuff the stomach with the mixture and sew up the opening. Simmer for 2 hours in a large kettle with water to cover. Remove to baking pan with hot fat, brown in hot oven (400-f) basting frequently. Slice with sharp knife.


Boil a 3 lb. piece of ham for two hours. Pick over and clean 1 qt. of dried apples; soak in enough water to cover. When meat has boiled for the stated time, add dried apples and water in which they have been soaking and continue to boil for another hour. Prepare dumpling batter as follows:
  • 2 cups flour
  • 1 egg
  • 4 teaspoons baking powder
  • 3 tblsp. melted shortening
  • ¼ teaspoon pepper
  • 1 tablespoon milk
  • 1 teaspoon salt
Sift together the dry ingredients and mix the dough with egg, which has been well beaten, the melted shortening and the milk. Drop batter by spoonfuls into the boiling liquor of the ham and apples. Cover tightly and cook for 15 minutes. Raisins may be added if desired.


  • 2 or 3 lbs. ham or ham bone
  • 1 qt. green string beans
  • potatoes
  • salt and pepper
Place ham in large pot and cover with water. Cook slowly for a couple of hours (less if the ham is tenderized) keeping plenty of water on the ham. Clean and break-up the string beans, put them in with ham and cook for 25 minutes more. Add the potatoes, which have been pared and cut-up, and cook slowly until ready. Season to taste.


Equal amount of lean and fat fresh pork, ground. To each pound of this mixture, add 1 teaspoon salt, ⅛ teaspoon pepper, pinch each of sage and thyme. Add one egg beaten, mould into cakes and fry until brown. Wonderful with pancakes or waffles.

DUTCH MEAT ROLLS (Boova Shenkel)

  • 2½ lbs. beef
  • 10 potatoes
  • 2 tablespoons butter
  • 2 tablespoons minced parsley
  • 1 chopped onion
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • ½ cup milk
  • 3 eggs
  • 2½ cups flour
  • 2 teaspoons baking powder
  • 1 tablespoon shortening
  • 1 tablespoon butter
After seasoning the meat with salt and pepper, stew the meat for two hours. Then make dough with flour, baking powder, salt and the shortening. Mix into a pie-crust dough. Roll into a dozen circles 8 to 10 inches in diameter. Steam the potatoes, pared and sliced thin; add salt and pepper, 2 tablespoons of butter; the parsley and onions and then beat lightly the three eggs into the mixture. Put this mixture on the circles of dough after it has stood a little while. Fold half the circle of dough over like a half moon and press edges together tightly. Drop these into the pot with the meat and stew water. Cover tightly and cook for 30 minutes. Into a frying pan put a couple of tablespoons of fat skimmed from the stew before putting in the dough rolls, add to this 1 tablespoon of butter. In this brown small cubes of hard bread and stir in a half cup of milk. Pour this milk sauce over the Meat rolls when serving.



  • ½ cup sugar
  • 1½ tblsp. flour
  • 2 eggs
  • ½ cup pineapple juice
  • ½ cup lemon juice
  • 1 cup whipped cream
Combine the fruit juices and stir slowly into the flour and sugar. Cook. Stirring constantly, until it thickens. (or cook in double boiler) Add the beaten eggs and cook for another minute. Let cool and fold in the whipped cream.


  • 2 cups apples, diced
  • 2 cups cooked beets, diced
  • ¼ cup chopped nuts
  • 2 hard boiled eggs
  • ½ cup salad dressing
  • parsley
Mix the apples, beets, and chopped eggs. Add salad dressing (see Grandma’s salad dressing). Mix and garnish with chopped nuts and parsley.


  • 2 hard boiled eggs, mashed
  • a little grated onion
  • 3 tablespoons salad oil
  • 1 tablespoon vinegar
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • pinch of pepper
Mix well together, then put on lettuce and turn and stir until it is well covered with the dressing. Good with any green salad.


  • 2 cups shredded cabbage
  • 1 large green pepper
  • ½ cup hot salad dressing
  • 1 tsp. salt
Mix the cabbage, pepper, chopped fine and salt. Let stand 1 hour in cool place. Drain off all liquid. Make a hot dressing with:
  • 1 tblsp. butter
  • 1 tsp. flour
  • ½ tsp. dry mustard
  • salt and pepper
  • yolk of 1 egg
  • ½ cup vinegar
Melt the butter and blend in the flour. Add vinegar and stir until mixture thickens. Mix mustard, salt and pepper and add to the liquid. Cool for 4 minutes, pour over the beaten egg yolk and mix well. Cook for 1 minute more. Pour this over the pepper cabbage and mix well.